BANGKOK: Thailand could have to contemplate relocating its capitalBangkok due to rising sea ranges, a senior official within the nation’s local weather change workplace advised AFP on Wednesday.
Projections constantly present that low-lying Bangkok dangers being inundated by the ocean earlier than the top of the century.
A lot of the bustling capital already battles flooding in the course of the wet season.
Pavich Kesavawong, deputy director-general of the federal government’s division of local weather change and atmosphere, warned that town may not be capable to adapt with the world on its present warming pathway.
“I believe we’re past the 1.5 (levels Celsius) already,” he advised AFP, referring to the rise in international temperatures from pre-industrial ranges.
“Now we’ve to come back again and take into consideration adaptation.”
“I think about Bangkok will likely be beneath water already, if we keep in our (present) circumstance.”
Bangkok’s metropolis authorities is exploring measures that embody constructing dikes, alongside the strains of these used within the Netherlands, he stated.
However “we have been interested by transferring”, Pavich stated, noting that the discussions have been nonetheless hypothetical and the difficulty was “very complicated”.
“Personally I believe it is a good selection, so we are able to separate the capital, the federal government areas, and enterprise areas,” he stated.
“Bangkok (would) nonetheless be the federal government capital, however transfer the enterprise.”
Whereas a transfer continues to be a good distance from being adopted as coverage, it could not be unprecedented within the area.
Indonesia will inaugurate this yr its new capital Nusantara, which can substitute sinking and polluted Jakarta because the nation’s political centre.
The mammoth transfer has been controversial and intensely costly, with an estimated price ticket of $32 billion to $35 billion.
Thailand is struggling the consequences of local weather change throughout a spread of sectors, from farmers battling warmth and drought to tourism companies affected by coral bleaching and air pollution.
It has closed a number of nationwide parks in response to latest coral bleaching and Pavich stated additional closures have been attainable.
“We now have to save lots of our nature, so we predict that we are going to do any measure to guard our sources,” he stated.
Nonetheless, Pavich acknowledged that authorities efforts to deal with the rising drawback of air air pollution, significantly in Thailand’s north, had but to bear fruit.
The cupboard permitted a invoice centered on clear air this yr, and Pavich stated nationwide parks officers had stepped up efforts to forestall and put out fires in protected areas.
“The agriculture sector could be very difficult for us,” he stated, referring to continued post-harvest burning that could be a main contributor to seasonal haze. An enchancment will not be seemingly for a number of years.
Extra instantly, his division — a part of the Ministry of Pure Sources and Surroundings — is pushing Thailand’s first local weather change laws, which has been within the works since at the least 2019 however was shelved in the course of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Pavich stated the laws, which incorporates provisions on all the pieces from carbon pricing to mitigation and adaptation measures, is prone to move into legislation this yr.
Thailand is concentrating on carbon neutrality by 2050, and net-zero by 2065.


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