acetate: (additionally referred to as acetic acid) A brief-chained fatty acid that could be a widespread byproduct of fiber fermentation within the intestine. Acetate seems to play a task in stopping weight problems.

algae: Single-celled organisms, as soon as thought of vegetation (they aren’t). As aquatic organisms, they develop in water. Like inexperienced vegetation, they depend upon daylight to make their meals.

micro organism: (singular: bacterium) Single-celled organisms. These dwell practically all over the place on Earth, from the underside of the ocean to inside different dwelling organisms (comparable to vegetation and animals). Micro organism are one of many three domains of life on Earth.

biodegradable: Adjective for one thing that is ready to break down into easier supplies, based mostly on the exercise of microbes. This often happens within the presence of water, daylight or different circumstances that assist nurture these organisms.

biologist: A scientist concerned within the examine of dwelling issues.

carbon dioxide: (or CO2) A colorless, odorless gasoline produced by all animals when the oxygen they inhale reacts with the carbon-rich meals that they’ve eaten. Carbon dioxide is also launched when natural matter burns (together with fossil fuels like oil or gasoline). Carbon dioxide acts as a greenhouse gasoline, trapping warmth in Earth’s ambiance. Crops convert carbon dioxide into oxygen throughout photosynthesis, the method they use to make their very own meals.

cell: (in biology) The smallest structural and purposeful unit of an organism. Usually too small to see with the unaided eye, it consists of a watery fluid surrounded by a membrane or wall. Relying on their measurement, animals are product of anyplace from 1000’s to trillions of cells. Most organisms, comparable to yeasts, molds, micro organism and a few algae, are composed of just one cell.

cellulose: A sort of fiber present in plant cell partitions. It’s fashioned by chains of glucose molecules.

chemical: A substance fashioned from two or extra atoms that unite (bond) in a hard and fast proportion and construction. For instance, water is a chemical made when two hydrogen atoms bond to 1 oxygen atom. Its chemical method is H2O. Chemical additionally will be an adjective to explain properties of supplies which can be the results of numerous reactions between totally different compounds.

chemical group: A gaggle of atoms inside a molecule that works as a unit. A chemical group can decide how a molecule interacts with different molecules, or with dwelling issues.

element: One thing that’s a part of one thing else (comparable to items that go on an digital circuit board or elements that go right into a cookie recipe).

compost: The tip product within the breakdown, or decomposition, of leaves, vegetation, greens, manure and different once-living materials. Compost is used to counterpoint backyard soil, and earthworms typically help this course of.

degrade: To interrupt down into smaller, easier supplies — as when wooden rots or as a flag that’s left outside within the climate will fray, fade and disintegrate. (in chemistry) To interrupt down a compound into smaller parts.

atmosphere: The sum of the entire issues that exist round some organism or the method and the situation these issues create. Atmosphere could check with the climate and ecosystem during which some animal lives, or, maybe, the temperature and humidity (and even the placement of issues within the neighborhood of an merchandise of curiosity).

ester: A chemical group that accommodates one carbon atom linked to 2 oxygen atoms. Esters are generally utilized in flavorings and fragrances.

material: Any versatile materials that’s woven, knitted or will be fused right into a sheet by warmth.

fossil gasoline: Any gasoline — comparable to coal, petroleum (crude oil) or pure gasoline — that has developed throughout the Earth over hundreds of thousands of years from the decayed stays of micro organism, vegetation or animals.

greenhouse gasoline: A gasoline that contributes to the greenhouse impact by absorbing warmth. Carbon dioxide is one instance of a greenhouse gasoline.

microbe: Quick for microorganism. A dwelling factor that’s too small to see with the unaided eye, together with micro organism, some fungi and plenty of different organisms comparable to amoebas. Most encompass a single cell.

microplastic: A small piece of plastic, 5 millimeters (0.2 inch) or smaller in measurement. Microplastics could have been produced at that small measurement, or their measurement could also be the results of the breakdown of water bottles, plastic baggage or different issues that started off bigger.

molecular geneticist: A scientist who research how variations in DNA change the bodily traits of an organism.

particle: A minute quantity of one thing.

persistent: An adjective for one thing that’s long-lasting.

plastic: Any of a collection of supplies which can be simply deformable; or artificial supplies which were comprised of polymers (lengthy strings of some building-block molecule) that are usually light-weight, cheap and immune to degradation. (adj.) A cloth that is ready to adapt by altering form or probably even altering its operate.

polyurethane: An usually elastic plastic comprised of crosslinked chains of molecules.

species: A gaggle of comparable organisms able to producing offspring that may survive and reproduce.

established order: A Latin phrase that means how issues are actually (and sure have been for some time).

textile: Material or material that may be woven of nonwoven (comparable to when fibers are pressed and bonded collectively).


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